Unfortunately, the papers submitted by most writers are full of false citations. These are citations accredited to an author or a paper but when one searches for them in original paper; he cannot find such citation neither as text nor as idea. This is disaster and it is a big challenge we are currently trying to manage, as it has caused us in trouble even more than any other form of plagiarism! Yes, this is a form of plagiarism that is dangerous than the direct plagiarism.
These false citations are common with both experienced and non-experienced writers, and their authors want to deceive the customer to believe that the paper has been researched from the cited sources.
It is common with writers who are trying to look for shortcuts, for example by avoiding looking for relevant sources. It is also common with writers who do not understand the real meaning of citations, or even the meaning of research writing.
Figures 1-3 shows an example of a case in which a writer uses Wikipedia (Fig. 2), and purports to have gotten the idea from page 3 (para. 2) of Stanley (2017). Upon a closer examination of Stanley (2017), there’s nowhere the facts stated by the writer can be found, though the paragraph is talking about GM in general. This is a perfect example of a false citation. The writer knows that Wikipedia is not an acceptable source in academic writing, but he will still use it but cheat by citing other sources.
Fig. 1: An excerpt from the writer’s paper
Fig. 2: An expert from Wikipedia where the idea was gotten from
Fig. 3: An expert from page 3 of Stanley (2017) where the writer purported to have borrowed the idea.
Due to the complications resulting from the idea of fake sources, we shall be requiring our writers to verify sources from time to time. Only those writers who have proved very reliable in terms of authenticity of the sources they use and cite won’t go through this hassle. The following are the procedures for verifying sources:
Go to Microsoft word Review tab.
Highlight the citation you want to comment on.
Go to “New Comment”
A pop up will appear on the right margin where you will indicate the page number and the paragraph number where you borrowed the information. If it is an internet source, you can indicate only the paragraph number.
You will repeat the same procedure for all citations, and then the admin will proceed to verify if they are all authentic or made up. If any of the citations is found to be false, you will be notified and the penalty applicable to such violations will be imposed.
In case we have proved that any of your citations are false, we are going to take one, all, or a combination of the following actions:
In an effort to deal with the cases of false citations, it is mandatory that our writers take the following actions:
Figure 1: A link to an article, which requires subscription to download (not acceptable)
Figure 2: A google books link, with no preview available (not acceptable)
Figure 3: A Google scholar link that leads to full text download of the article (acceptable)
Figure 4: A Google books link, with a partial book preview (acceptable)
Even some experienced writer does not understand the real meaning of plagiarism. The following are some of the absurd arguments we have heard from writers who are not conversant with plagiarism or they do not take this issue seriously!